Journal of Contemporary Urbanology

Spatial Pattern of Fuel Filling Stations in Typical Nigerian Town

Ajene Adam Ajene (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi Email:; Aondoaver Benjamin Ifan (Benue State Ministry- for Lands and Survey.Makurdi Email:


The present location of filling stations in towns and cities of Nigeria hardly reflects if any criterion was used in considering their site location. Present location of some filling stations may likely have future challenges such as putting residential buildings at risk of environmental hazards. Proper Site analysis, locational and design standards of filling stations go a long way to createfunctional, safe, and effective service delivery for end users. This study appraises the spatial pattern of the location of filling stations in a typical Nigerian town, with focus on Makurdi the Benue State Capital. This was done through mapping of the distribution offilling stations within 16kilometers radius of Makurdi town to determine their distribution. Linear assessment and spatial distances between filling stations were taken. Nearest neighbor analysis and Quadrat analysis were used to analyze data obtained. Temporal and spatial distribution of filling stations in Makurdi was established. The study findings show that filling stations in Makurdi town are randomly distributed. This implies that there is no planning structure for siting of filling stations. The research recommends a fundamental framework for locational standards in Makurdi, enforced environmental impact assessment and strict penalties for contraventions.

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