Journal of Contemporary Urbanology

Urban Housing Conditions and the Prevalence of Cerebrospinal Meningitis in Badawa, Kano Metropolis, Nigeria

1Benedine Akpu and 2Sarah, S. Daniel (Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru - Zaria).


Housing is a fundamental Part of human settletnent and the qunlity of housing has great impact on tile voulnerability of some ill-health conditions. The aim of this study is to analyze housing characteristics and the prevalence of cerebrospinal meningitis in Badtuoa, Kano Metropolis. In order to achieve the set aim, the data used were sourced from questionnaire survey. Questionnaire was administered to 150 respondents who were systematically selected in the study area. The questionnaire sought information on the housing characteristics and prevalence of cerebrospinal meninoitis. The data were analyzed using simple percentages and cross tabulations. The findings revealed that the bulk of the respondents (95.2 %) had not less than four persons per sleeping room. The result also disclosed that more than a half (52.7%) of the respondents had cases of the disease in their households and 51.9% of those affected were children within the age bracket of 0-10 years. The results further show that 70.8% of those who lived in inadequately ventilated houses had cases of the disease, and all those who had cases of the disease had more than two persons in a sleeping room. The study recommended that, the people should be properly enlightened through the media, schools etc on the causes of this disease and the need to visit the hospital as soon as signs are noticed. In addition the Urban Development Authority should monitor building constructions to ensure compliance with minimum housing standards.

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