Journal of Contemporary Urbanology

COMMUNAL CONFLICTS BETWEEN TIV FARMERS AND NOMADIC FULANI HERDSMEN IN THE LOWER BENUE BASIN: IMPLICATIONS ON URBAN AREAS IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

1Thomas T. TYAV and 2Felix K. KWAGHSENDE (1Department of Sociology College of Advanced and Professional Studies Makurdi; 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning. Benue State University Makurdi felixkwaghsende@yahoo.com).

Abstract

The spate of recurring violent conflicts involving herdsmen with other ethnic nationalities within the Lower Benue basin has being increasing in spatially and numerically with attendant cascading consequences. In Benue state, the conflict between Tivfarmers and Nomadic Fulani herdsmen has led to loss of about 11,000 lives, destruction of properties, displacement of over 212,260 people, increasing security challenges and obstruction of social and economic activities among others. This is making the contribution of social planningfor improved quality of life more difficult by the day. This paper examines the nature, possible causes and implications of the conflict on some urban areas in Benue state. Using descriptive analysis of literature, the study found that the violent conflict weave around economic issues and is inter-communal. The causes include; strive for livelihood, lack of access to grazing rights, encroachment on farmlands by pastoralists, and the role of immigrants among others. Its implications include; increase challenges of urban service provision and livelihood challenges among others. The study suggested collection of census of genuine pastoralists for planning, working out incentives for profitable mutual relationship between TIvfarmers and Nomadic Fulani herdsmen,formation of committees on ranches and stock routes at national and state levels, strengthening and monitoring negotiating mechanisms in dispute resolutions, evolving more religious approach and support by individuals, government and philanthropists for supporting victims and compulsory education for the Fulanis to reduce involvement in primitive method of grazing among others.

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