Journal of Contemporary Urbanology

CONTINGENCY VALUATION (CV) IN THE ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF AN URBAN WETLAND IN NIGERIA

1Tifwa Yerima HASSAN PhD RTP and 2Davidson S.A. ALACI PhD RTP (1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, The Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B 1037 Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi).

Abstract

The economic values of wetlands to the local population are enormous but often neglected in planning policies. This is because in many instances the economic statistics on wetlands generally are not readily available. This study applied the contingent valuation method through Willingness to Pay (WTP) approach to measure the economic values of the wetlands to the riparian local communities in Lokoja, Nigeria. Data was collected from Four hundred and ninety four heads of households spread across seventeen communities within the study area. Both interview andfocus group discussions were used to engage the households. It was discovered that farming was the main direct use value of the wetlands while bequest value was the core non-use value. Overwhelming WTPfor both direct and non-use values of the wetlands was recorded. The mean score value for the wetland direct and non-use values were obtained through descriptive statistics. Student t-test was used to establish if difference exist between the mean of the two values. The relationship between WTP and the socio-economic variables of the respondentsfor the direct use values was significant where F = 19.7. Positive relationship was however found with only length of use of the wetlands (beta = 0.11, E = 3.78) & annual income of heads of households (beta = 0.41, E = 8.59). Respondents bid were regressed againslthe socio-economic variables through multivariate regression analysis in order to establish the factors that predict WTP. The mean of the non-use values was mainly bequest and was found to be substantially higher compare to the direct use values '. The paper therefore recommends the estimated values obtained in this study as benchmarkfor initiating discussion between decision makers and the local communities infuture use of the wetlands.

To get access to the full text of this article:
 
Contact Dr. Davidson Alaci, Managing Editor, Journal of Contemporary Urbananology through the following contacts:
  * dralacids@gmail.com
  * editornjurbanology@gmail.com
  * 08064701219
or
VISIT OUT CONTACTS PAGE