Journal of Contemporary Urbanology

HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE OF SERVICE CENTRES IN VANDEIKYA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Daniel Peverga DAM (Department of Geography, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria Email: dampeverga@yahoo.com); Timothy Terver GYUSE (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria).

Abstract

The growing realization of the usefulness of hierarchical studies for socio-economic planning and development; and the lack of research on hierarchy of service centres in Benue state necessitated this study. This paper empirically ordered 47 service centres in Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State, into a hierarchical structure based on their functional characteristics. Data was collected on all non-agricultural junctions available in each of the service centres in the study area and, analysed using centrality coejficients and cluster analysis. The result of centrality coefficients shows that Vandeikya Township has the highest centrality index of 4429.497 with 101functional types and is regarded as the dominantfunctional service centre in the study area. It exerts influence over the rest of the service centres and acts as node for centripetal force for them to converge for most of their functional needs. The result of cluster analysis grouped the 47 service centres into a hierarchy ojfive service centre groups (I, II, III, and IV & V) with Vandeikya Township at the top of the hierarchy. The study suggests among others that there should be a deliberate planning that will correct the functional disparities among service centres and will form a base for integrated socio-economic and spatio-physical development of the study area.

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